The date on that blood could have been a labeling mistake. If not, the expiration date is a mystery to me.
Blood can be stored for a decade if it's frozen. It has to be prepared and frozen in a certain way, and the thawing process is even trickier. But it works, and freezing can be used to store blood of very rare blood types. Here
are some details.
However, the usual way of storing blood involves cooling, not freezing, and the blood can be stored for only 6 weeks.