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Pediatrics Treatment for juvenile patients

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  #1  
Old Wed Feb 8, 2017, 03:15 PM
Lia Lia is offline
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Exclamation Hypocellular bone marrow no abnormal cells

Hi
Can someone please tell me what
Hypocellular bone marrow with no abnormal cells might mean for a 13yr old boy?

I've been given this one snippet of information via email today. He had bone marrow biopsy 2 weeks ago. I can't figure out via searches if this is normal or not normal. GP also has no clue! And consultant out of reach.

Thanks

lia
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Old Wed Feb 8, 2017, 03:31 PM
Neil Cuadra Neil Cuadra is offline
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Lia,

Does he have low blood counts, and that's why he was being evaluated?

If so, these are characteristics of aplastic anemia, and that may be what the doctor suspects he has.

"Cellularity" is how they measure the proportion of blood-producing cells in the bone marrow. A 13-year-old would normally have something like 90%. At birth it's 100% and normally goes down about 10% per decade, in rough numbers. "Hypocellular" means this number is lower than expected, which means that there is something wrong.

"No abnormal cells" means that the cells themselves are OK, i.e., there just aren't enough of them. That's a characteristic of aplastic anemia, as opposed to cancers like myelodysplastic syndromes where the cells are misshapen or otherwise damaged. So it's good news that the cells that are found in the bone marrow are normal.

Low blood counts (insufficient red cells, white cells, and platelets in the circulating blood) produce symptoms that lead people to the doctor. The doctor then looks for the cause, one possibility being aplastic anemia.
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Old Wed Feb 8, 2017, 03:53 PM
Lia Lia is offline
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Hello, thank you for your reply

I was advised today his marrow hypocellular result is 40% and review only no concerns. ??

Last edited by Lia : Thu Feb 9, 2017 at 05:04 PM.
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Old Thu Feb 16, 2017, 10:57 PM
AddyGGsMom AddyGGsMom is offline
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I am in the same boat!! My daughter was diagnosed with Idiopathic Chronic Neutropenia at 22 months. She will have an ANC of 1000-1200 which is mild neutropenia and then will dip below 500-severe. Her first bone marrow biopsy showed >95% cellularity, but a few weeks ago at age 5, 60%. Unfornstely it was my husband who spoke with her about the results but she didn't seem that concerned. Her White blood cell number is always low, between 2-4. It seems to be her neutrophils that fluctuate. Never normal, but not always severe. She is always sick and has reoccurring infections. I'm really nervous and am looking for answers.
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Old Wed Feb 22, 2017, 07:17 PM
Cheryl C Cheryl C is offline
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Hi AddyGGs Mum - I had chronic idiopathic neutropenia for many years before my MDS diagnosis. Regarding the frequent infections, have your daughter's globulin levels been checked? If these are low (hypogammaglobulinemia) she may be able to have intravenous immunoglobulins which, while they won't fix her neutropenia could help her fight infections more successfully. That is my experience. BTW, re your other post, when I have an infection my white cells and neutrophils sometimes jump hugely as well, and my GP and haematologist view this as a positive. At least the marrow is responding.
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Dx MDS RAEB 10% blasts + hypogammaglobulinemia, Sep 2011. Jan 2012 BMB - blasts down to 2% w/out treatment so BMT cancelled. Re-diagnosis RCMD. On watch and wait since Feb 2012. IVIg 4-6-weekly. BMB Feb 2014 - no blast transformation. 2017 still stable.
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Old Wed Feb 22, 2017, 10:22 PM
AddyGGsMom AddyGGsMom is offline
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What changed that made them change your diagnosis to MDS? I just want to catch anything early. I just feel like people that don't fit into the other neutropenias are labeled idiopathic and it's possibly just a precursor to something that is later revealed. I'm not sure about the test you referred to. I will ask the hemetologist. We started on nupogen tonight.
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Old Thu Feb 23, 2017, 01:12 AM
Hopeful Hopeful is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Lia View Post
Hello, thank you for your reply

I was advised today his marrow hypocellular result is 40% and review only no concerns. ??
Hi Lia,

Sorry for the late reply. Sometimes a hypocellular marrow can be the result of a bad virus, drug, or chemical exposure. Doctors will frequently watch-and-wait to see if the marrow will recover on its own, assuming the counts aren't severely low. Perhaps that is why they aren't concerned yet. Be sure to report any changes that you notice in his appearance or energy level.
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50 yo female, dx 9/08, AA/hypo-MDS, subclinical PNH, ATG/CsA 12/08, partial response. Tried slow cyclosporine taper over 4+ years. Platelets fell, so back on cyclosporine. Trisomy 6 clone in 5% of cells.
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